mtDNA---H-Poreklo

ПИШЕ: Александар Маринковић

Митохондријска ДНК хаплогрупа Н је на простору бивше Југославије најзаступљенија и најраспрострањенија у односу на остале. Такође, ова хаплогрупа је и присутна у високом постотку у читавој Европи, а значајно је заступљена и на Блиском истоку и Кавказу. Занимљиво је да се за подгрупу Н5 сматра да је настала на простору Балкана, Анадолије или Леванта (можда и Италије) пре 25-30.000 година.

Укупно је прикупљено 188 узорака (базе FTDNA, MitoSearch) са ових простора, од чега њих чак 79 припада овој хаплогрупи односно 42% испитаних. Гледајући подгрупе, стање је следеће:

* 48 – Н (тестирани само HVR1 и HVR2)
* 11 – Н1
* 5 – Н5
* 4 – Н2
* 3 – Н5
* 2 – Н26
* 1 – Н4 + Н6b + H7 + H15 + H20 + H35a

 ФИЛОГЕНЕТСКО СТАБЛО mt-DNA H (на енглеском језику)

  • H1: found in Europe, North Africa, the Near East, Central Asia and North Asia
    • H1a
    • H1b: found especially in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and North Asia
    • H1c: found especially in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and North Asia
    • H1e: found throughout Europe, including among the Basques, and in Iran (Qashqai)
    • H1f: found especially in Finland
    • H1g: found especially in Germanic countries
    • H1h: found in Central Europe, Britain and Finland
    • H1i: found in Ireland and Scotland
    • H1j: found mostly in Western Europe, including among the Basques
    • H1n: found especially in Germanic countries and Finland
    • H1t: found among the Basques
    • H1v: found in Iberia
    • H1ae
    • H1ag
    • H1as
    • H1at
    • H1au
    • H1av: found in Britain and among the Basques
    • H1be
    • H1bt
    • H1bv
  • H2: found throughout Europe and in the Caucasus
    • H2a
      • H2a1: found mostly in Eastern Europe, the North Caucasus and Central Asia. IE diffusion (R1a).
      • H2a2
        • H2a2a: found throughout Europe
        • H2a2b
      • H2a3: found in Kenya (El Molo)
        • H2a3a
        • H2a3b
      • H2a4
      • H2a5: found in Norway, Ireland, Slovakia and among the Basques
        • H2a5a: found throughout Europe
        • H2a5b
    • H2b
    • H2c
  • H3: found throughout Europe and in the Maghreb
    • H3a: found in north-west Europe
    • H3b: found in the British Isles and Catalonia
    • H3c: found in Western Europe, including among the Basques
    • H3e
    • H3g: found in north-west Europe
    • H3h: found throughout northern Europe
    • H3i: found in Ireland and Scotland
    • H3j: found in Italy
    • H3k: found in the British Isles and northern Spain
    • H3q
    • H3r
    • H3u
    • H3v: found especially in Germanic countries
    • H3x
    • H3z: found in Atlantic Europe
    • H3ao
    • H3au
  • H4: found especially in central and western Europe, but also in the Near East and Caucasus
    • H4a
    • H4b
    • H4c
  • H5: found throughout the Near East and Europe
    • H5a
      • H5a1: found in most of Europe and Siberia
      • H5a2: found mostly in Eastern Europe
      • H5a3: found in Italy and Siberia
      • H5a4
      • H5a5: found in Greece
      • H5a6
      • H5a7: found in Central Europe
    • H5b
      • H5b1: found in north-west Europe
      • H5b2: found in north-west Europe
      • H5b3
      • H5b4
    • H5c
    • H5e
    • H5p: found in Britain
  • H6: found throughout Europe, in the Near East and Central Asia
    • H6a
      • H6a1
      • H6a2
    • H6b
    • H6c
  • H7: found mostly in the Near East, Caucasus, Iran, Central Asia and Balto-Slavic countries
    • H7a
    • H7b
    • H7c
    • H7d
  • H8
    • H8a: found in the Caucasus (Armenia), Syria, Anatolia and Greece
      • H8b
        • H8c: found in central and western Europe, Central Asia and the Altai
  • H9
  • H10: found throughout Europe
    • H10a
    • H10b
    • H10c
    • H10d
    • H10e
    • H10f
    • H10g
    • H10h
  • H11: found chiefly in Central and Eastern Europe and in Central Asia. Probable Indo-European origin (R1a).
    • H11a
    • H11b
  • H12
  • H13: found mostly around the Caucasus, Iran, Anatolia, and Sardinia, but also across along the Mediterranean coasts of Europe
    • H13a
      • H13a1
      • H13a2
    • H13b
    • H13c
  • H14: found mostly in the Near East and Caucasus
    • H14a
    • H14b: found in Iran
  • H15: found in Scotland, Germany, Poland, Austria, northern Italy, Central Asia (Turkmenistan), Iran and northern India. Probable Indo-European origin (R1b).
    • H15a
    • H15b
  • H16: found primarily in Germanic countries
    • H16a
    • H16b
  • H17: found in northern Europe
    • H17a
    • H17b
    • H17c
  • H18: found in the Arabian peninsula
  • H19: found in the Caucasus
  • H20: found around the Near East and the Caucasus
  • H21: found in the Caucasus
  • H24
  • H26: found mostly in central and south-east Europe and Anatolia
    • H26a
    • H26b
    • H26c
  • H27: found in central and northern Europe, but also in Central Asia (Turkmenistan)
    • H27a
    • H27b
    • H27c
    • H27d
  • H28
  • H30
  • H33
  • H35
  • H39
  • H40
  • H41
  • H42
  • H44
  • H45: found mostly in Finland
  • H47
  • H49: found essentially in Germanic countries, but also in Azerbaijan
  • H51
  • H55
  • H56
  • H58
  • H59
  • H60
  • H63: found in Sweden
  • H65
  • H66
  • H67
  • H73: found in Denmark and Germany
  • H81

http://www.phylotree.org/tree/subtree_R0.htm

 





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